Have you come across a person who is ill for a long time and the symptoms of his disease does not seem to improve even after a long time? Or do you know someone who regularly visits the doctor but there is not much improvement in his health? If yes, then most probably these people are suffering from some kind of chronic disease. So now the question is what are the common chronic diseases and the risk factors?
Generally, diseases are categorized as chronic and acute diseases. Before understanding about chronic diseases in detail, let us quickly know a little about acute diseases. These types of diseases or disorders usually have a recent onset and do not last for a long time. Common examples of acute diseases are appendicitis, strep throat, flu, etc. Chronic diseases on the other hand occur gradually and can go on for a long time. Chronic illness can sometimes also last for a lifetime. These types of diseases often damage the organ system and affect the quality of life. Common examples of chronic diseases are Diabetes, Arthritis, COPD, Asthma, etc.
Though it may be an ongoing process, chronic diseases can be prevented and treated. If you are looking for the best diagnoses and treatments for chronic diseases, visit CareFirst 360, one of the best Mansfield Medical Clinic.
What Are The Causes Of Chronic Diseases
Chronic diseases can also be defined as illnesses that last for 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention. These types of diseases limit the daily activities or bring a change in daily routine and sometimes both. If you want to avoid the risks of developing any type of chronic disease, get regular health check-ups at the best primary care clinic.
According to recent reports, chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are some of the main causes of death and disability in the United States. These types of diseases also drive approximately $3.8 trillion in annual health care costs.
Many chronic diseases are caused by a shortlist of risky behaviors. Some of the common causes of chronic diseases are:
- Smoking and exposure to passive smoking
- Less intake of nutritious food, including eating less fruits and vegetables.
- Intake of food high in sodium and saturated fat.
- Lack of physical activity.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol.
These causes are expressed through the intermediate risk factors of arterial hypertension, hyperglycemia, abnormal blood lipids, overweight and obesity. The main modifiable risk factors, as well as the non-modifiable risk factors of age and heredity, account for the bulk new events of heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease and cancers. Visit the nearest primary care clinic for a complete diagnosis if you think any of the above habits are causing any health issues or interrupting your daily lifestyle. List of best general physicians in Gurgaon
What Are The Common Chronic Diseases?
Some of the common chronic diseases include:
- Acquired Immunodeficiency Diseases (AIDS)
- Allergies related to food and environment
- Heart Diseases
- Lung Disorders
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Kidney Diseases
- Hearing Loss
- Spinal Cord Injury
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
What Are The Risk Factors FOr Chronic Diseases?
Many other risk factors for chronic disease have been identified, but they account for a smaller proportion of disease. Harmful use of alcohol contributes significantly to the burden of disease, but its relationship to chronic diseases is more complex. Other chronic disease risk factors include the infectious agents responsible for liver cancers and cervical cancer. Certain environmental factors, like air pollution, environmental allergies etc also contribute to a number of chronic diseases including asthma and other chronic respiratory diseases. In a few cases, psychosocial, genetic and behaviourial factors like age, sex, education level etc are also responsible for developing chronic diseases. Getting
- Non-modifiable risk factors: These are the risk factors related to heredity, age, sex and age. These are not due to a person’s choices and the risk factors are not modifiable or alterable. Some of the examples due to these risks include hypertension, diabetes, and coronary heart disease.
- Behavioral risk factors: These are the risk factors associated with many lifestyle habits that increase the likelihood of chronic diseases. Some of these risk factors are obesity or being overweight, physical inactivity, unprotected sexual habits, and high alcohol consumption.
- Cultural and environmental risk factors: These are risk factors related to the structure of social classes, the evolution of purchasing behavior, access and level of education, and the wealth of the population. Some of these factors include exposure to hazardous materials such as air/water/soil/food, climate change, occupational hazards, ionizing radiation and viruses.
Prevention Of Chronic Diseases
Certain precautionary measures and good lifestyle habits help prevent chronic diseases. Chronic diseases can be controlled and some risk factors can be eliminated by
- adopting healthy eating habits
- quitting smoking
- exercising regularly
- doing yoga
- avoiding drinking too much alcohol
- controlling our body weight
- sleeping soundly and
- being aware of family history.
Often it is difficult for people to transform their habits and change their lifestyle, however, if we strive to gradually replace bad habits with healthy ones such as daily physical activity, less consumption of junk food and eat balanced diet, controlling negativities, having the strength to face treatments and the confidence to fight chronic situations, chronic diseases can be prevented. If you or any of your known is suffering from any type of chronic diseases, visit CareFirst 360, one of the best Mansfield Medical Clinic.